The world’s deadliest earthquakes – two decades of devastation

The earthquake that struck Turkey and Syria on Monday is the latest in a long line of destructive tremors around the world. More than half a million people have died as a result of major earthquakes over the past 20 years.

Here’s a list of some of the most deadly:

June 22, 2022: 1100 killed in Afghanistan

The magnitude-6.1 earthquake struck the province of Paktika in the east of the country and killed more than 1100 people. The quake struck about 44 kilometres from the city of Khost, near the Pakistani border.

August 14, 2021: 2200 dead in Haiti

More than 2200 people were killed and tens of thousands of homes left in ruins after a magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck the impoverished Caribbean country.

September 28, 2018: 4300 killed in Indonesia quake

The magnitude 7.5 earthquake was the strongest of the more than two dozen tremors to hit central Sulawesi, killing more than 4300 people. A tsunami of up to six metres high also struck coastal areas.

August 24, 2016: More than 300 killed in Italy

A magnitude 6.2 earthquake in central Italy killed more than 300 people. The tremor hit a region 100 kilometres north-east of Rome, notorious for serious earthquakes, but populated by towns where most houses were too old to be quake-proofed.

April 25, 2015: More than 8900 believed dead in Nepal

More than 8900 people were killed on April 25, 2015, after a magnitude-7.9 quake hit Nepal, followed by a 6.7 aftershock and avalanches, including one at Mount Everest base camp. Outside Nepal, at least 61 people were killed in India and several deaths were reported in Tibet and Bangladesh.

August 3, 2014: 700 dead in China

A magnitude-6.5 earthquake left more than 700 dead in Yunnan, China, with 12,000 homes toppled and nearly 2,000 people injured. It was the strongest quake to hit the province in 14 years.

September 24, 2013: 825 dead in Pakistan

A magnitude-7.7 quake hit the remote, south-western province of Baluchistan, killing at least 825 people. In the town of Dalbadi, nearly all of the village's 350 homes were destroyed.

March 11, 2012: 18,000 dead or missing in Japan

Nearly 16,000 people were killed when a magnitude-9.0 quake struck off the coast of Japan, triggering a tsunami. More than 2,600 are still listed as missing four years after the disaster, which washed away entire towns and communities. The earthquake was the largest ever to strike Japan.

February 27, 2010: 700 dead in Chile

At least 700 people were killed when a magnitude-8.8 quake struck off the coast of Chile, leaving half a million homes severely damaged.

January 12, 2010: 316,000 dead in Haiti

A magnitude 7.0 earthquake rocked the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince, killing an estimated 316,000 people. The quake left 1.5 million homeless.

September 30, 2009: 1100 dead in Indonesia

At least 1,100 people were killed by a powerful magnitude-7.5 quake that started at sea and rippled through Sumatra, the western-most island in the Indonesian archipelago. Most of the confirmed deaths were in the town of Padang, where more than 500 buildings were severely damaged.

An aerial view shows the collapsed buildings at Yingxiu town of Wenchuan County, the epicenter of the earthquake, Sichuan province, May 18, 2008. Credit:Reuters

May 12, 2008: Nearly 90,000 dead in China

In China's worst natural disaster in a generation, nearly 90,000 were killed when a magnitude-7.9 quake struck Sichuan province. About 5 million were left homeless.

August 15, 2007: 500 dead in Peru

The magnitude-8.0 earthquake off the coast of Peru killed more than 500 people and devastated cities in Peru's southern desert. The city of Ica and nearby port of Pisco bore the brunt of the damage.

May 26, 2006: 5700 dead in Indonesia

A magnitude-6.3 quake hit Indonesia's heavily populated Java island, killing more than 5,700 people. About 650,000 people were displaced by the disaster and more than 30,000 were injured. More than 135,000 houses were reduced to rubble.

October 8, 2005: 80,000 dead in Pakistan

The magnitude-7.6 earthquake struck the mountains of northern Pakistan, leaving 80,000 people dead. The quake flattened entire villages of mud-brick homes and triggered landslides in the Kashmir region.

The remains of a resort in Khao Lak, north of Phuket, Thailand, after the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami.Credit:Anthony Johnson

March 28, 2005: 1300 dead in Indonesia

More than 1300 were killed when a magnitude-8.6 quake struck, with most of the deaths occurring on Indonesia’s Nias island, a popular surfing spot off Sumatra.

December 26, 2004: 230,000 dead in South-East Asia

The most powerful earthquake in 40 years – a magnitude-9.1 that hit near the Indonesian island of Sumatra – triggered a tsunami that decimated many Asian nations.

December 26, 2003: 50,000 dead in Iran

A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits southeastern Iran, resulting in 50,000 deaths.

May 21, 2003: More than 2200 killed in Algeria

More than 2200 people are killed in a magnitude 6.8 earthquake in Algeria.

AP, USA Today and the US Geological Survey

Get a note directly from our foreign correspondents on what’s making headlines around the world. Sign up for the weekly What in the World newsletter here.

Most Viewed in World

From our partners

Source: Read Full Article